To achieve long-term prosperity, Arab countries urgently need to foster food security. A comprehensive roadmap for development and poverty reduction requires both a broad food security program for the region accompanied by country-specific strategies. Using participatory, transparent decisionmaking processes, governments, civil society, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector can design successful strategies and implementation plans. Policy research can ensure that those plans—and the actions that follow—are based on solid evidence. The February 2012 Food Secure Arab World Conference in Beirut, Lebanon, is a forum to discuss that evidence and use it to set priorities for a better future.